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Traffic & Transit

New York City -- Traffic and Commuting

CITYinFLUX: Understanding and Untangling Traffic and Transportation in New York City (pdf file)

In the Bloomberg Administration's sustainability plan for 2030, PlaNYC, released in April 2207, traffic and transportation were central elements. This report, issued in anticipation of PlaNYC, presents key facts about traffic and transportation in the New York City, the problems that confront the city in these areas, and discusses the types of policies that should be pursued. (2007)

Free Parking, Congested Streets: The Skewed Economic Incentives to Drive in Manhattan (pdf file)

Why do commuters drive to work when most could be taking transit? The study shows that it's all about the free parking. Results from a survey of over 1,600 motorists in Manhattan show how many have parked in Manhattan, how much parking costs, and who pays. Summary (2007)

Battling Traffic: What New Yorkers Think About Road Pricing

Congestion pricing and other fees to use the public street space have provided traffic relief in cities as diverse as London and Los Angeles. Does road pricing make sense in New York? What type of road pricing would win support from the public and be feasible and effective? A report commissioned by the Manhattan Institute, an op-ed column in the New York Times and a Gotham Gazette column addresses these questions, proposes a road pricing plan for New York, and addresses the arguments of congestion pricing opponents. Summary (2006)

Necessity or Choice? Why People Drive in Manhattan (pdf file)

With space at a premium in New York City, what would happen if auto use were restricted in favor of buses, pedestrians and bicyclists? Do auto users have realistic transit options? How would they get to work, shopping or the theatre without their cars? What would be the economic and traffic impacts? This report is intended to help New Yorkers evaluate how much space should be devoted to personal auto travel based on the facts about auto use in the Manhattan central business district. (2006)

East River Bridge Tolls: Revenue, Traffic, Mobility and Equity Impacts
(pdf file)

Transportation planners have long sought to toll the East River bridges to reduce traffic delays on the bridges and reduce traffic in neighborhoods near the bridges. This report synthesizes data covering traffic patterns, traffic speeds, characteristics of those who use the bridges, toll collection technologies and the traffic impacts of MTA toll increases. The report concludes that tolling the bridges offers compelling benefits for New York as a source of City revenue and as a transportation measure. The report also identifies issues needing further research. (2003)

Commuting, Non-Work Travel and the Changing City (pdf file)

Analysis of 2000 census data and other data on subway, bus and auto usage reveals a dual trend. On the one hand, transit usage for non-work trips - shopping, recreation and personal business - has increased dramatically. As a result, most transit ridership is now for non-work purposes such as recreation and shopping. On the other hand, transit commuting increased more slowly than employment so that transit's share of all commute trips declined slightly. This report considers the implications of these trends. (2002)

NYC Transit Issues

Rail, Ferry or Bus? Improving Suburban Access to Lower Manhattan (pdf file)

Lower Manhattan is the only major central business district in the country without direct commuter rail access from the suburbs. In the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the Downtown business community renewed its longstanding calls for direct commuter rail service. This report puts the debate on this issue into a larger context, asking two fundamental questions: (1) What should be the focus of commuter access improvements? (2) What modes would best serve those needs? (2003)

U.S. Transportation Policy and Market Research

On-board and Intercept Transit Survey Techniques (pdf file)

This Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) report synthesizes issues and methods of conducting surveys on-board buses and rail vehicles and in transit stations. (2005)

Transit Advertising Sales Agreements (pdf file)

This Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) report synthesizes transit agency experience with advertising sales contracts and concessions. (2004)

Effective Use of Transit Websites (pdf file)

This report synthesizes current practices and recent experiences concerning web site content, design, marketing and administration, based on information collected from 47 transit agencies representing a cross-section of the U.S. transit industry. Transit Cooperative Research Program Synthesis #43.(2002)

Building Effective Relationships Between Central Cities and Regional, State And Federal Governments (pdf file)

This study documents relationships and processes that have proven successful for intergovernmental cooperation, coordination and collaboration in furthering the capital, operations, and maintenance needs of large, central city transportation systems. National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis #297. Summary (2001)

Large City Transportation Issues

America's large cities play a vital role in the nation's economy and its transportation network.  This 2000 final report of the federally funded Large City Technical Exchange and Assistance Program explores critical large city transportation issues concerning:

  • Interjurisdictional cooperation in traffic management
  • Interagency sharing of fiber optic networks
  • Fostering walkable cities.

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